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How do I get the best speeds from my Fibre connection?
To get the best speeds from your fibre here are a couple of rules you can follow:
- To get the BEST speed on fibre you should plug directly into the Orcon Genius using an Ethernet cable.
- WiFi is convenient, but if walls, appliances and distance get in the way it starts to slow down. Read more about placing your WiFi router
- Use newer devices: If your modem is older, it may not have the WiFi technology or pure grunt needed to go fast.
- Fibre is designed to go fast on many devices, but it still has a max speed - so be aware when you're doing heaps of intense downloading that all other devices with in your home will be impacted.
- Use speedy services: in many cases, Fibre is much faster than some servers hosting content on the internet.- if you are downloading content from a server which is only capable of achieving 10Mbps, then the speed of your download will also suffer as a result.
- Make sure your Ethernet cable is plugged in, and verify that you are connected to the network in System Preference > Network.
- Locate the Network Utility on your mac. It is in Applications > Utilities > Network Utility. Alternatively, search Network Utility in Spotlight Search.
- In the Info tab, under Network Interface, use the drop-down menu to select the Ethernet.
- You should be able to view network connection details including network addresses, and connection link speed.
If you have a 100mbps Ethernet Card/Network Interface Card on a Gigabyte connection, upgrade the card to 1Gbps or test speeds with another PC which has a Gigabyte Ethernet Card/Network Interface Card.
For best results:
- Close all background applications and any open web browsers or tabs.
- Turn off Wi-Fi and connect only one laptop or PC via ethernet cable to the modem and unplug any other devices connected to the modem while testing the speeds.
- Testing on Wi-Fi will reduce the speeds, especially for devices which are far.
- Make sure the PC/Laptop you are using is Gigabite capable.
- The ethernet cables used during testing should be CAT5E or above as CAT5E would negotiate at 1000Mbps however, CAT6 would be more reliable for long distance.
- Open linetest.nz
- Choose the nearest Vocus server, i.e., Auckland or Christchurch.
- Repeat the test a couple of times to get an average speed.
How to check the network interface card and/or ethernet adapter speeds on your windows computer?
- Press Windows + R and type “control panel”
- Select “Network and Sharing Centre” from the options.
- Select “Change adapter settings”
- Right Click on “Ethernet or Local Area Connection” and Click on “Status”
- The Status window will show you the Speed of the Network Interface Card of your PC.
For examples –
PC with a 100Mbps Network Card will show up only 100Mbps next to speed.
PC with 1000Mbps or 1Gbps Network Card will show 1.0Gbps next to speed
If you have a 100mbps Ethernet Card/Network Interface Card on a Gigabite connection, upgrade the card to 1Gbps or test speeds with another PC which has a Gigabite Ethernet Card/Network Interface Card.How do you perform a trace route in Windows?
The team at Orcon will ask you to perform a trace route when you’re experiencing issues resolving websites or experiencing slow speeds, the tool allows us to see the path the traffic is taking and the response time from each node, this helps us determine if the problem is within or outside of our control to fix.
Step 1: Bring up the command prompt.
- Hold down your windows key on the keyboard and press the R key at the same time, type cmd into the run box and press enter.
- Click on the Windows Start menu and type cmd and press enter
Step 2: Enter the command
Tracert www.example.com and press enter, you’ll see the tool work through each hop until completion.
You should see that the tracert should perform several “hops”. If the number of hops is above 4-5 then the tracert is outside of our network and there will be little certainty that we will be able to fix the fault.
Step 3: Copy the data
Windows 10 drag the cursor while holding down the left mouse button to highlight the text, once highlight, press the enter button on the keyboard to copy it. Open a new notepad document and right mouse button click to paste or press ctrl + v
Previous version of windows you will have to right mouse click and select mark or select all, once highlight pressing the enter key would copy the text.
Step 4: Save results to a notepad and attach them with any further technical comments to https://www.orcon.net.nz/contact
Here are some youtube.com searchs demonstrating the trace route function:
MACWhat are upload and download speeds, how do they differ?
Download is data coming from one computer system to another, example streaming a movie.
Upload is data sent from a computer to another, for example sending an email or posting a photo.
Download and upload work together simultaneously, this is to maintain the communication between devices, in other words you cannot have a one-way conversation.
Download capacity by design is always greater than upload due to the demand from end users wanting more download over upload, priority is given to download. At the same time to be able to maintain a download you need to be able to communicate with the server to let them know what you have received from them, and checking that it is all correct. Thus, if you were to use the entirety of your upload then you would find that your download will also suffer. This is the same for uploading being reliant on your download not being completely used.What Programs can impact my Internet Speeds
There are a lot of programs and applications that can influence your broadband speeds.
Backup programs such as Apple iCloud and Dropbox will work in the background of your PC or devices to back up to a cloud based services and depending on its configuration, can severely degrade your connection if it starts to use up your available upload bandwidth.
Streaming programs and Apps such as Netflix on your Smart TV can also affect your speeds, especially if you start watching and streaming high definition TV, normally a single streaming movie or show should not slow you down however if multiple shows or movies are being watched at the same time, your connection may slow down due to everyone potentially using most of your available download bandwidth.
Other programs such as VPN Clients (Virtual Private Networks) will also have an effect as your data would be going through a different route, typically this more common if you work from home with a work provided PC or Laptop.
Another type of program that will also affect your connection will be Peer to Peer programs (P2P), these typically run in the background continuously uploading and download data and when configuring poorly can cause your connection to barely deliver any other internet service.How and why should I do a ping test?
Doing ping tests is an important part of helping you (and us) to see where your connection might be having trouble. Knowing where it's slowing down is half the battle.
It’s one of the most commonly asked questions we get. In the shortest terms, we’ll give you the fastest broadband service possible at your house.
However, different broadband technologies behave differently.
ADSL2+ is the copper broadband that most NZers know and love. In theory, ADSL2+ technology can achieve speeds of up to 24Mbps. But, in reality, the speeds you will get will be lower, and sometimes quite a bit lower than this – mainly dictated by how far from the exchange or cabinet your house is, and a number of other factors. ADSL is an older copper technology that is still around at some exchanges, and has a theoretical top speed of 8Mbps.
VDSL is a much faster type of broadband that runs along the same copper lines as ADSL. However, it's only available up to about 1km from the exchange, and isn't as friendly with interference and hiccups as ADSL is. This is why VDSL can go up to 70Mbps, but actual speeds are lower, especially further away from the cabinet. If you can't get at least 15Mbps on VDSL, then you're better off on ADSL2+ anyway.
UFB / FIBRE
UFB, Ultra Fast Broadband, is a much better quality broadband - because it uses glass fibre cable instead of copper, it doesn't matter how far away from the exchange or cabinet you are, and it's much less likely to suffer from any interference. The biggest restriction on UFB speeds is the bandwidth available at the service you're trying to access - e.g. at a video service provider, a download server, or website. These services all have a limit to how fast they can send information to your computer, and often it's much less than what your line is capable of. But, because UFB has so much more bandwidth, you can do lots of things at the same time, all at full speed!
If you want to know what the internet speed jargon all means, click here.
Rest assured that we keep up the good fight by doing everything we can to give you the fastest possible internet. If you want lightning fast internet, visit our plans page here, check your address and see what flavour of Orcon Broadband is available at your house!
Internet speeds describe the rate at which data, little packets of information, are transferred from one location to another.
Download speeds represent the rate at which these packets are transferred from somewhere else to your computer, and upload speeds represent the rate at which they are transferred from your computer to somewhere else.
Two points to understand about internet speeds:
The first – internet speeds are measured in Mbps, while your download speeds are measured in MB/s
- Mbps = megabits per second.
- MB/s = megabytes per second.
One megabyte is equal to eight megabits; this means that when you see an internet connection speed advertised as up to 24Mbps, you can expect download speeds of up to approximately 1/8th of that, so 3MB/s.
The second important point is to note the difference between your ‘Sync’ speeds, and your ‘Throughput’ speeds.
- Sync: Your sync speed is the fastest rate at which data can move between your modem and the local exchange or cabinet.
- Throughput: your throughput is the actual rate at which data is being transferred between your computer and the servers that hold the data – this is shown as your ‘download speed’ when downloading a file.
So ‘Sync’ speeds are the fastest speeds your line can achieve, and ‘Throughput’ speeds are the speeds at which files are transferred from the internet to your computer (and vice versa).Will you slow my connection down?
Nope! We're all about providing fast, unthrottled broadband so we have no traffic management policy, even on our Unlimited plan. This means we won't slow your connection down unless there's an unexpected temporary outage, such as a denial of service attack.
Your internet speed will vary on UFB, just as it did on ADSL. Sometimes it will rip along, other times it will go slower. This is the nature of the technology and the way the internet is built.
If you are downloading from New Zealand based websites you will be using the Orcon network and your speed should be nice and fast. BUT, if you are accessing and downloading from overseas websites, this uses international bandwidth and congestion can occur at busy times. This congestion will affect your speed, even on UFB.
If your speed has dropped – try testing again at a different time of day, and to different locations. If it’s still slow, drop us a line and we can look into it and run our fancy diagnostic tools.
A traceroute is a test that shows the path and time taken for your connection to connect to an internet address such as a website. If you are having problems with your connection, you might be asked by one of our team to conduct a traceroute.
This video shows you how to conduct a traceroute test on a Windows computer. Feel free to pause the video if you need time to follow the instructions.
For more information on traceroutes, see the Wikipedia article here
Interleaving increases stability and throughput on higher-speed ADSL services by rearranging data during transmission. This makes successful transmission more likely, particularly in the presence of "bursty" noise.
Interleaving can mean faster downloads at the expense of slightly higher latency. You may prefer to turn interleaving off if you're a dedicated gamer.
If you would like to turn interleaving on or off, please contact us at https://www.orcon.net.nz/contact and we'll get right onto it.Running the Diagnostic app
This application will currently work for Vista, Windows 7 SP1, Window 8 & Windows 10 providing the C++ Redistributable 2010 pack has been installed on your machine. Please download and install the 32-bit version via the Microsoft web site.
Start by downloading the app from: http://linetest.nz/LinetestSpeedDiagnostics.exe
Your browser may prompt you to open or save the file. If it asks you to do this, select the “Save” option.
Running the application
Once the download has completed, locate the file in your downloads folder, right click on the program, click “Run as administrator”, and allow the program to run.
The application will guide you through the process but we have supplied this document just in case you need any further help.
After the program has finished loading, you will be presented with this screen:
You should have received a ticket number reference in the email we sent you. Please use this reference in the ticket number field.
Under Contact email, please put in the email address you wish to be contacted on.
Testing server should be left as Auto select unless we request that you specify a server to test from.
Under Your plan, please select the plan you are currently on with your service provider. Your plan should have been sent to you in the email.
This tool will stress test your Internet connection based on the plan that you select. If you select a plan higher than your current connection, you may temporarily lose access to the Internet. If you are unsure of the correct plan you can check via logging in to MyAccount.
Click on Next to continue. On the next screen, it will ask if you are having a problem with a specific site as per below:
If you would like to test to a specific website or server, tick the Include other sites in the test box and add in any site(s) you are having issues with.
If you select Include a pathping test to linetest.nz, we will get some more valuable information to help resolve your issue. It is not usually required, however if we need you to complete further testing, we may ask you to tick this box.
The application will now check how you are connected to the modem/router, for these tests you need to be running on an Ethernet connection only as it will not allow you to run the tests over the wireless.
If you get this message, your computer is currently connected by Wi-Fi. Even if you have plugged in an Ethernet cable, your computer may be connected to both the Ethernet and Wi-Fi at the same time.
Please turn off Wi-Fi on your modem and click “Retry”.
After that the tool will check what applications are running, these applications could be using up bandwidth while testing. Ether shut them down manually and click “Retry” or the application will shut them down automatically when you click “Next”.
Once this is completed the application confirms it is ready to run the tests, as the screen below shows:
Click Next to continue with the series of complex tests which, depending on your connection type, will take between 5-10 minutes. If you have opted to include other sites in the test, please allow for an additional 3-5 minutes per site.
Important note: Do not use the internet from any network device in the property while the application is running as this will give a false impression of how the connection is performing and may hinder troubleshooting.
The screen will update with a progress bar during the test.
On completion, the application will ask if you want to save a copy of the test that we will be receiving.
If you wish to retain a copy for yourself press “Save and Finish” then select where you want to save the text file, such as the desktop.
Once you click on OK or Select Folder, the file will save, then the application will close automatically and send us the results.
Alternatively, if you just click Finish the application will close and send us the results but will not save a copy on your PC. Once finished the application will remove any set up files that it needs to run.
We will review the file once it has been received and the results have been checked.
Viewing the report
Once the test has completed, am HTML report will automatically open in your web browser. It should look like the report below:
From this report you can see the speeds you were able to achieve during the test, as well as some information about the performance of your computer and running applications. A full version of the report can be found at the bottom of the page.How can I maximize my broadband speed?
The quality of your broadband connection is affected by a number of factors both inside and outside your home. Here are some steps to take to assist in getting the best performance for your broadband connection.
- Positioning your modem
Almost anything electrical can negatively affect the performance of your home wireless network; such as TVs, microwaves, radios, cordless phones, speakers, power cables and lighting. These can also interfere with your broadband signal coming through the phone line. It is recommended to position your modem away from any electrical power boxes, cabling and any other electrical appliances which emit interference.
- Using ADSL filters (not including Fibre)
If your copper DSL connection is using devices other than your modem you will need to use an DSL filter (Also known as a Micro Filter). If it is only a modem in a jack point no filter is needed, the modem can go straight in. Filters are needed though for any other devices plugged into jack points around the home. If a jack point is using a modem and another device at once the modem will connect into the ADSL port on filter and the Phone into the Phone port of the filter. If this is around the wrong way it is likely to cause problems. You can also arrange for a dedicated jack point (or "Master Filter") to be installed. A Master Filter separates your broadband signal from your homeline signal to a dedicated jack point which can result in a more stable connection (and an easier time for troubleshooting!)
- Out of date modem's/phone's and other hardware
Regardless of if you are connected to Fibre or ADSL, if you have older devices connected to your home network chances are your older devices are going to impact the overall stability and performance of your Fibre or Broadband connection. Any older device connected to your jack points or modem such as fax machines, answering machines, printers/copiers, medical and monitored alarms will hinder the performance of your phone and Copper broadband services if kept unchecked. If any appliances you use over your connection are 3 years old or more then you may consider replacing or removing them from your home network if you are experiencing issues with instability or poor performance.
- Wireless interference
If you’re using wireless to access your broadband, make sure that there are no barriers affecting the quality of the signal. Large metal objects such as a fridge, bodies of water such as your hot water cylinder or fish tank, and thick walls and ceilings can all drastically affect the quality of your wireless signal. Consider where your wireless modem is now and take a few minutes to move it to avoid interference.
Another thing to consider is wireless channels and frequency’s. If neighbouring networks are using the same channel that yours is set to this may cause interference. It is best to try other channels if this is the case. To test this, you can download an app for your mobile phone to see what channels are in use around you, look for the channel range least in use and give that a try.
- Other users
Keep in mind that every additional user and connected device on your home network will reduce the available bandwidth for the users already connected. If everyone wants to use the internet at the same time, you may find your speeds will drop significantly. Upgrading to VDSL or UFB if it's available will dramatically improve the speeds available to everyone. Otherwise, consider asking users to limit their online activity during peak times, and disconnect devices that don’t need to stay connected.
- Old software and hardware
Old hardware may be unable to take full advantage of the faster speeds offered by your connection. It is always best to test the newest hardware possible when troubleshooting speed issues. Also to consider, is if any of your software is out of date; such as your operating system and internet browsers, as this can impact the performance of internet on that device. Software updates are typically free and should be done regularly.
A speed test is a good way to measure your broadband performance. These should be done through a PC connected to the modem with the wireless disabled. It is also important to ensure any applications that might be using your internet connection are not active at the time of testing. This includes file-sharing programs, chat / instant messaging applications and any other browser windows, or programs that download from the internet.
You can test the speed of your Broadband connection here at Linetest.nz or beta.linetest.nz. You can use this tool to test ADSL, VDSL and UFB speeds.
We prefer to use beta.linetest.nz as this tool measures the following:
- Download speed
- Upload speed
- Packet loss
This testing platform also caches historical test results and enables you to check and see how your connection has been performing against historical testing.Does using WiFi with my fibre connection affect my speeds?
While WiFi is super convenient, this convenience does have a trade-off. Wireless is not as reliable as a cabled connection to your modem.
Wireless speeds are impacted by many factors including:
- Distance between your device and the modem
- Appliances (Cordless handset w/ base station, fridges, Wireless speakers, some LCD and Plasma displays emit harmonic interference, microwaves, cameras, baby monitors, neighbours' wireless devices etc.)
Some appliances may not specify that they operate in the 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz band and will instead be labelled as "Dual Band", "Wi-Fi", or "Wireless" devices.
Still have questions?